Pre-Lesson 4: Tone Development

Playing long notes helps you to improve your tone or sound. This is because you have time to listen. Long notes also help improve your posture, breathing and technique because you have time to think.
Play the following exercise slowly, using all your air supply. Experiment to see what changes you can make e.g. blow more or less, relax or slightly tighten your lips/embouchure, make your teeth closer or further apart.
Listen to the effects of all of these and decide which ones improve your tone production.

The curved line above the notes is called a slur. A slur joins notes together, so only the first note is tongued.


New Notes:

There are 3 new notes to learn in this lesson:

An Octave is the description given to two notes with the same name but with an interval between them of an eighth.

The fingerings for these 3 notes are the same fingerings used for the lower octave notes.




For the top 3 notes E, F# and G you need to make the air speed faster and raise the air stream very slightly by pushing your jaw forward.
Play the exercises below so that you can get used to these new notes. They are tiring at first, as your muscles become used to playing and creating the shapes needed.

At the beginning it is trial and error, learning where to direct the air stream and how much air to blow.

Practice is a technique that develops as you learn.
To help get the most out of your practice follow these simple guidelines:

Find somewhere quiet where you will not be disturbed.
Practise little and often to help keep your focus and concentration.
If you are tired take a break.
Be patient because you learn by making mistakes.
It is the quality not the quantity of practice that is important.
Warm up on something easy that you know, before playing something new.



Check the fingering for middle E. Don’t forget to put down your right hand little finger.